Islam is a monotheistic faith and the world's second largest religion after Christianity racking in 1.7% of Australia's Population, which is 347,381 out of the 21,007,310 possible people who live there and on a whole 15-20% of the world's population. There are around 40 mosques (a place of worship for Muslims) listed on Wikipedia in Australia.
Followers of Islam (Muslims) believe that the one God (Allah) revealed his direct word for mankind to Muhammad and other prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. But it was considered that all that was revealed to Muhammad was the final and ultimate revelation.
Muhammad was orphaned at six years of age, adopted by his Uncle Abu and later married wife Kahdijah. Muhammad resented the corruption and injustice in Mecca and the world, so as an act against it he left his life, family and friends behind to go off and spend alone in a cave, fasting and praying, hoping for a better world.
Muhammad reached the conclusion that Arabs were led into corruption and wickedness because they believed in false gods - he believed there was only one God 'Allah'. Muhammad received a revelation from Allah in which Angel Gabriel was sent to him and told him he was to be a prophet of his people (this day is known to Muslims as 'The night of power and excellence') from there the Islamic religion has spread over the world.
The Koran (Qur'an) is the Islamic holy text and is believed to be flawless by most Muslims since they believe it is the direct word from God to man. Muslims are required to share 2.5% of their yearly disposable income with the poor - this is done through tax. The Muslim approach to social justice is of the same level as a catholic or...