Rawls opens The Role of Justice with a strong analogy which turns the brain on, justice is the first virtue of social institutions, as truth is of systems of thought. Rawls also gives us the definition we were looking for, the role of justice itself is to insure that the distribution of benefits and burdens is fair.
Just is a key center point in a society. Without justice in a society, the society would be ruined. Each person born into a society possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society cannot override. In a justice society the freedom and liberties of citizens are taken as settled, the peoples rights are secured and backed up by the role of justice. To further understand this, Rawls defines society as a more or less self sufficient association of persons who in their relations to one another recognize certain rules of conduct as binding and who for the most part act in accordance with them.
When it comes to distributing fairly among the society, there is always a conflict. People who receive their share want more, making the person greedy. A set of principles or rules is required within the society to distribute among the various social arrangements which determine this division of advantages and for underwriting an agreement of proper distributive shares. However when a society is well mannered, the people within the society accept and know that the others accept the same principles of justice, and the basic social institutions generally satisfy and also satisfy the principles.
We cannot only classify the conception of justice to just distributing, though it is a great way to describe justice, we need to account justices' wider connections. One conception of justice is more preferable to another when its broader consequences are...