Joyce Carol Oates' "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?"
In Joyce Carol Oates' "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" critics
argue whether the character of Arnold Friend, clearly the story's antagonist, represents
Satan in the story. Indeed, Arnold Friend is an allegorical devil figure for the main reason
that he tempts Connie, the protagonist, into riding off with him in his car.
Oates characterizes Arnold Friend at first glance as "a boy with shaggy, black hair,
in a convertible jalopy painted gold"(581). She lets the reader know that Arnold is not a
teenager when Connie begins to notice the features such as the painted eyelashes, his
shaggy hair which looked like a wig, and his stuffed boots; these features led her to believe
he was not a teenager, but in fact, much older. Oates does make Arnold out to be a
psychopathic stalker, but never objectively states the diabolical nature to his character.
In "Connie's Tambourine Man", a critical essay on the story, the authors write
about Arnold Friend: "There are indeed diabolical shades to Arnold just as Blake and
Shelley could see Milton's Satan a positive, attractive symbol of the poet, the religious
embodiment of creative energy, so we should also be sensitive to Arnold's multifaceted and
creative nature"(Tierce and Crafton 608). Mike Tierce and John Michael Crafton suggest
that Arnold Friend is not a diabolical figure, but instead a religious and cultural savior.
On a more realistic note, Joyce M. Wegs argues the symbolism of Arnold Friend as
a Satan figure when she writes: "Arnold is far more a grotesque portrait of a psychopathic
killer masquerading as a teenager; he also has all the traditional, sinister traits of that arch
deceiver and source of grotesque terror, the devil"(616). She also writes about how the
author sets up the idea of a religious, diabolical figure when...
North American essays:
... Going, Where Have You Been" is based on the serial killer Charles Schmid, who was also known as the Pied Piper of Tucson. Charles Schmid was sentenced to death for the rape and murder of three teenage girls. Joyce Carol Oates ...
Where Are You Going Where Have You Been - in-depth look at Connie and why she was swayed by Arnold Friend
... fear and finally gave into the demands of Arnold Friend. Joyce Carol Oates describes Connie from there different points in the story "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?". The three main focuses were Connie's physical, social, and ...
Critical essay describing the theme and stylistic elements used by Ayn Rand in "The Fountainhead" with bibliography
... Wendy. "Critical Essay on 'The Fountainhead.'" (2003). GaleGroup. 25 March 2004 . Sakuda, Tamara. "Critical Essay on ...
English Lit: It compares Paul Auster's essay, "Portrait of an Invisible Man" with John Edgar Wideman's "Our Time".
... the essays "Portrait of an Invisible Man" and "Our Time" were written about different relationships and in different circumstances, they both had one goal, to know and understand that other person for the first time ...
... the hard way. Works Cited: Hurley, D.F. "Impure Realism: Joyce Carol Oates' "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Studies in Short Fiction Summer, 1991: 371-375. Rubin, Larry ... fact a demon come to take Connie away. When we first meet Arnold Friend, it is obvious that Connie has an ...
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... having shaped not only a fleet predator and efficient killing machine but also a very violent competitor against its own kind in situations where ...