Judaism is a way of life. Most Hebrews agree that Judaism goes beyond normal boundaries and reaches deeply into daily life. (Being Jewish) "To be Jewish is to live a certain way before God, not to hold to a specific creed or confession" (Rousmaniere, 128).
Judaism is one of the oldest religions in the world. Judaism was founded in Mesopotamia about 1300 BC. Judaism started out as an animistic religion, where people worshipped force of nature. This type of religion had practices that dealt with magic and animal sacrifices. Then Judaism morphed into a polytheistic religion. Which means people worshipped several gods. The next stage of evolution for Judaism was when it became anthropomorphic. This type of religion believed that God or gods became human and had human characteristics. The Hebrews becoming monotheistic is considered to be the final stage of evolution for Judaism. This is the belief in one God or Yahweh.
The Jewish people believe they are the Chosen Ones of God. They believe this due to a special pact between them and Yahweh. The pact simply states that the Jewish people must live their life by the law given to them by Yahweh. Then they must keep observing this Law until the arrival of the messiah. The messiah would bring order and stability to the world.
The Torah is a sacred text for the Jewish people. The Torah is full of the teachings of God and the struggles the Jewish people went through to get to the point they are at today. The other sacred text is the Talmud. The Talmud has two parts, oral law, and the interpretation of the oral law. The Talmud was written about the middle of the 5th century.
To this day the Jewish people are still waiting for the messiah to...