Sydney Fischer '17
November 17, 2013.
The Keystone Pipeline System is a pipeline system that is currently transporting crude oil from Canada and the northern United States to refineries along the Gulf Coast of Texas. Enhancing this system will be the proposed Keystone XL Pipeline; a pipeline that will transport crude oil directly from Hardisty, Alberta, Canada to Steele City, Nebraska. This will be added to the existing system in order to make a more direct travel route and also so the oil is able to pass through storage tanks in Baker, Montana. The Canadian oil that will be transported via the Keystone XL is extracted from a region in northern Alberta, Canada called the oil sands. These plots of land consist of oil, sand, clay and bitumen that is compacted into a thick density. To just get only oil out of this mixture is a difficult process that the oil companies, both Canadian and international, are beginning to master.
Despite the gains the industry has undergone to evolve their extraction methods, environmental concerns are still evoked by people in both USA and Canada. The Keystone XL Pipeline is therefore viewed in a negative perspective instead of the positive perspective that should be taken considering the economic boost it will unquestionably have for both the United States and Canada. Because of this economic boom that will occur, the Keystone XL Pipeline should be built.
Throughout the years, United States and Canada have shared pipelines. There have been eight instances where pipelines have crossed the border: the Enbridge Pipelines, the Kinder Morgan Express pipelines, the Kinder Morgan Trans Mountain pipelines, and the TransCanada Keystone pipeline. (Fuel Focus) Despite the different companies that own the pipelines, they all are...