In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, racism has a major effect on the people of Maycomb because Negroes did not have any rights; the people of Maycomb only treat colored people like servants, and the fact that everything was split between blacks and whites.
In the 1930's, Negroes did not have any rights to do or say anything. Negros could not vote for any election or a town meeting. Also, Negroes did not have freedom of speech. Negros also could not defend themselves in a trial if they were prosecuted for something. In the story, the people of Maycomb treated Negr0s like servants. Most of the people had a black servant. The servants mainly would take care of the children, clean the house, and cook the meals. All of the Negroes in Maycomb were hired to do work for cheap or even for free. Also if someone asked a Negro for help the Negro would have to help or they would be punished.
The fact that everything was split between Negroes was another major factor in the 1930's. When Negroes wanted to go to church they had to go to a separate church than the white people. Also, Negroes had to use separate water fountains because of their skin color. Negros could only date their race and it was a major crime if a white dated a Negro.
In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, racism has a major effect on the people of Maycomb because the whole society expected a few disliked Negroes. Since the 1930's many things have changed for colored people. Now colored people have the same rights as the whole society.