In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, we witness Jem and Scout's development into maturity during the duration of the novel. Throughout their childhood, they observe incidents that happen in their town and learn to examine the institutions around them more closely. Their father, Atticus, is a man of morals and ethics. He teaches them moral lessons to make them better people in society. In the novel Jem and Scout are taught that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird, what real courage is, and to consider things from other people's perspectives in order to understand them.
One of the greatest lessons Jem and Scout learn from their father is that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird. The mockingbird symbolizes Boo Radley and Tom Robinson, who were both peaceful people who never did any harm. To kill or harm them would be a sin.
Atticus tells Jem after getting them air rifles, "I'd rather you shoot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you'll go after the birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you hit'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird." Scout, the younger of the two is puzzled by this and asks Miss Maudie about it. Miss Maudie explains "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a Mockingbird."
The mockingbird symbolizes these characters because it does not have its own song. Whereas, the bluejays are loud and obnoxious, the mockingbird only sings other bird's songs. The mockingbird is seen through the other birds. The people of Maycomb only knew Boo Radley and...