The good city is Plato's view of the perfect state and its relation to the human soul and its four virtues. The human soul is a larger version of Plato's community (Lee ). Therefore, each of the virtues as Plato relates them to the city, apply on a larger scale to the human soul. The following paper discusses these various aspects of the soul and how they are interrelated. It discusses how Plato applies his theory of the individual soul to his theory of the proper political order of the state. It ends with a personal assessment of the theory.
According to Plato, the four virtues of the human soul are prudence, courage, temperance and justice. Plato relates the virtues to a community, which is made up of the rulers, army and workers (Lee 428). At the base line are the workers because they do not try to blend with the army as the army does not blend with the rulers.
When they individually perform their responsibilities, the community becomes one.
Prudence, also known as wisdom, is found in the rulers. In order to have wisdom, one must be resourceful and have obtained knowledge (Lee 428d).
The second virtue is courage, which is found in the military section of the community. Courage is the ability to apply what you have been taught: what is to be feared and what is not to be feared. Plato relates retention to courage and believes that the ability for one to retain what one has learned is courage. The ability to retain under all circumstances a true and lawful notion about what is feared and what is not to be feared is what he calls courage (Lee 430b).
The third virtue, temperance, is found in the workers of Plato's community. Temperance, also known as...