Knights of the Middle Ages Knights and foot soldiers had to be strong and good to handle the weapons and armor of the Middle Ages. Bows and arrows and long sticks with a blade on the end were the usual weapons of peasants (foot soldiers.) Knights preferred lances and swords and morning stars.
Riding at a full gallop on a hoarse in the battlefield, a knight tried to knock his opponent to the ground with a 10-foot metal-tipped pole (lance.) On his feet a knight used his sword with a lot of strength and ability.
The whole entire sword formed to what looked like the shape of a cross. Sparkling jewels sometimes decorated the handle as well as the scabbard (case,) that protected the sword's 3-foot steel, rock, or metal blade. Most knights also carried a dagger, a morning star-a club with a chain attached to a ball with sharp spikes-a battle ax, and a large shield.
At first knights wore cone-shaped helmets. Later, helmets had visors that covered the face completely so that they couldn't get hit in the face when they were pulled off their horse. To be recognized, knights wore special symbols, such as lions and unicorns, on their armor and shields, they were called "coat of arms." They identified that knight with its colorful pattern or picture. These designs became family symbols passed down from generation to generation. They helped other knights know who to fight against The earliest armor was made of metal rings sewn on a leather coat. Some coats had more than 200,000 metal rings. However, a sword could still pierce the little tiny space between them. A later type of armor, called "chain mail," was made of overlapping loops of iron chains. But it did not completely protect the...