Labor refers to a group of workers in an industry who sell their own skill in exchange for an income they negotiate with the management. While these negotiations may occur on an individual basis, many wage negotiations occur between employees who have organized into a group called a labor union (formed to improve the members' wages and working conditions) and managers. This group wage- and benefit-negotiating process is called collective bargaining.
Labor Union is an association formed by labors in any organization to obtain by collective action improvements in pay, benefits, working conditions, and social and political status. Trade unionism as a movement emerged in Great Britain, Europe and the United States in the 19th century. In many countries it is termed as labor movement.
Before 19th century the employees and the employer directly negotiated the terms and conditions of employment. The difference in bargaining powers of employees raised many problems.
They felt the need of a collective forum through which they could struggle for their rights.
The unions thus formed with a primary objective to look after the interests of labor. Unions or the association of workers seeks to improve the economic and social well being of its members through group action. Unions bargain over work hours, working conditions, wages and fringe benefits of the labors.
Unionism develops a sense of participation among the workers in factory affairs, which in turn creates devotion, love and faithfulness for the organization. As a result, the workers do not create problems for the organization, which may cause losses or damages, rather they always turn to be productive.
History shows that unions have bargained and attained their goals of improved working conditions and higher wages for workers. Unionized jobs in many countries are highly paid than non-union jobs.
Importance of Human...