Labor's Response to Industrialism

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Labor's Response to Industrialism

Goals of Industrialists = to make more money

Effects on workers = work harder, treated unfairly, not paid fairly, poor safety conditions, faced deaths

Factories started to build houses within the factories for their workers

Company towns =company villagers (the place where villagers live within the village)

The company owners may call their workers anytime

The company owners charged the workers for rent

They are further away from markets, foods

Instead of paying their workers in money, they pay them in scrip (a piece of paper in which the workers used for buying things only in the factory shop)

Most of the workers are white Americans from villages who ran to city in search of works

By 1890 about 1 million women were working

The women received fewer wage just because they are women

By 1870 1/3 of factories workers were foreign born

Immigrant works for less money

In 1900, between 10 million children were working

Unions were the first to take actions against industrialization

The very first workers organization called the "knights of labor" began in 1869, they campaigned for an 8 hour day, safe working conditions, compensation for jobs injuries and equal paid for both men and women

The guy who opens the knights of labor allowed immigrants, women and blacks to join the unions

In 1881, an important union called "the American federation of Labor" but the leader only invited white men skilled workers to join

By 1905, a radical (willing to do anything) group called "The Industrial Workers of the world" the guy who lead this is called Big Bill Haywood

Big Bill Haywood believed in strikes and massive work slowdown

The poor have more children because the more kids they have, the kids can help them

In 1886, 8000 workers in Chicago went on strike for an 8 hour working day; several workers were killed by police

Later a bomb was bombed at police, 7 police and 4 civilians were killed, employers used the events to turn public opinion to play against public

In 1982, in Carnegie's steel plant because they have a surprised wages cut, workers went on strike and the manager hired 300 guards to protect, when the guards arrived they were attack by the workers and 16 died.

Then the Pennsylvanian guard came and arrested the workers. Some lose job and those who returned got cut 50%.