Leadership: what is it?
Leadership, as a process, shapes the goals of a group or organization, motivates behavior toward the achievement of those goals, and helps define group or organizational culture (Tomey, 2004). It is primarily a process of influencing other to perform to their greatest potential. According to DeSilets (2004), "leadership is provided on many levels, for both the department and the organization. It may mean managing activities and resources or negotiating activities." Leadership is a dynamic or changing process in the sense that, while influence is always present, the persons exercising that influence may change. Leadership is many different things to different people in different circumstances.
Some managers are able to influence others to work toward the achievement of organizational goals, the conferring of formal authority on a manager does not necessarily make that individual a leader. Yes, that individual has authority, but whether or not they are able to influence their subordinates may depend on more that just that authority.
Not all leaders are managers, and similarly, not all managers are leaders. The functions of the manager may well be quite different from those of the leader. Management roles need not presuppose any ability to influence. A leader, on the other hand, must have the ability to influence other team members
Mr. Janek, the Chief Executive Officer, of Berrien County Hospital exemplifies the above definition of a manager and a leader. He is a leader in that he facilitates the professional growth of his colleagues and subordinates through mentoring and coaching. When asked to describe his leadership style, he was reluctant to choose a specific style. His reasoning is that you can not lead and motivate everyone in the same manner, just as you can not give a patient in pain the same...