Leading is establishing direction and influencing others to follow that direction. However, there are many variations and different areas of emphasis to this very simple definition. Experts assert that, whether you're an executive or an entry-level worker in your organization, it's critical for you to have strong skills in leadership.
Many people believe that leadership is simply being the
first, biggest or most powerful. Leadership in organizations has a different and more meaningful definition. A leader is interpreted as someone who sets direction in an effort and influences people to follow that direction. How they set that direction and influence people depends on a variety of factors. To really comprehend the "territory" of leadership, we will discuss various styles of leadership, provide some of the major theories and review some of the suggested traits and characteristics that leaders should have.
Leaders carry out their roles in a wide variety of styles, e.g.,
autocratic, democratic, participatory, laissez-faire (hands off), etc. Often, the leadership style depends on the situation, including the life cycle of the organization (Goodworth, p. 10). At Phoenix Logistics, our laissez-faire leadership style has been effective, in which, management exercises little control over his group, leaving them to sort out their roles and tackle their work, without participating in this process. In general, this approach leaves the team floundering with little direction or motivation.
Again, there are situations where the Laissez-Faire approach can be effective. The Laissez-Faire technique is usually only appropriate when leading a team of highly motivated and skilled people, who have produced excellent work in the past. Once a leader has established that his team is confident, capable and motivated, it is often best to step back and let them get on with the task, since interfering can generate resentment and detract from...