After the Black Death, a plague that killed about 50% of Europe, and ended in Italy, in about 1350, the Renaissance started to begin. The Renaissance is called rebirth because it flourished in the arts. Also, it was the shift from religious to secular. It was also the isolation to Great Sharing of Ideas. Another idea it lead to was that their curiosity overcame their fear and people started to venture out and explore new places. We now move on to one of the famous people who lived during the Renaissance and who wrote in the vernacular, Leonardo da Vinci.
Art before Vinci was very boring and not to broad. It made Vinci and his art look bad, so he and another group of artists and came up with 2 major ways of how to paint. The first one was perspective and the other was chiaroscuro. Perspective was a painting that made people look real and also made them very, very realistic.
Chiaroscuro was a different type of painting that was a term in art for a contrast between light and dark. The term is usually applied to bold contrasts affecting a whole composition, but is also more technically used by artists and art historians for the use of effects representing contrasts of light, not necessarily strong, to achieve a sense of volume in modeling three-dimensional objects such as the human body.
Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 and was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist, probably the supreme example of Renaissance genius. Born in Vinci, Tuscany, he was the illegitimate son of a Florentine notary and a peasant girl. His precocious artistic talent brought him to Verrocchio's workshop in 1466, where he met Botticelli and Ghirlandaio. The culmination of his art in this...