When Roosevelt came to power in 1932, he pledged himself and America "to a new deal for the American people." he had a contagious spirit that encouraged people to think on the bright side because they now had a president who really cared about them and would help solve their problems.
To turn American's fortune around, Roosevelt's main task had to be getting people back to work. To do this, he set up 'Alphabet Agencies', which were called that because they were usually known by their initials. The main agencies were:
The Agricultural Adjustment Act - This provided loans and subsides for farmers. It also gave special payments to farmers who agreed to reduce their production and therefore increase prices.
The Tennessee Valley Authority - this was set up to help stop floods, which made Tennessee Valley one of the poorest areas of the USA. The TVA built 20 dams and an extensive system of interland waterways.
The Civilian Conservation Corps, provided work for 18 to 20 year olds in the countryside. Work involved digging canals, planting trees, strengthening riverbanks and stocking rivers with fish. Nearly 2.5 million men served in the C.C.C. in the 1930's.
The Civil Works Administration provided unemployed adults temporary work building schools, airfields, playgrounds and roads. This scheme employed 4 million workers, and was later replaced by the W.P.A. in 1935.
The Works Progress Administration replaced the C.W.A. it was similar but worked on a smaller scale. It found work for writers and artists, and built 6,000 schools and 2,500 hospitals.
The Public Works Administration cleared large slums in cities and replaced them with new housing. It built public works like hospitals, city halls, schools, courtrooms, sewage plant and bridges.
The Welfare State was Roosevelt's guarantee that the state would provide money for...