In ancient time, tradition usually helped people to find their way and to develop their personalities. However, tradition could blind people by being destructive and creating victims through social pressure. Shirley Jackson's story ''The Lottery'' portrays an ordinary New England village with average citizens engaged in a deadly rite, the annual selection of sacrificial a victim by means of a public lottery. Jackson proves her point by Miss Hutchinson who is the victim in the story, by showing the tradition's selfishness results while releasing her from social pressure. However, she ironically puts herself directly in the position of the sacrificial lamb because first she goes with the tradition, but when this happen to her, it is not right anymore. Another element is Old Man Warner, who represents pure tradition because he is against any suggestion of change. He is the guardian of tradition, fighting for its continuity and application, without questioning its reasons.
Furthermore, the children who symbolize the future are manipulated by the elders who want them to follow the tradition. Hence,