The author uses from the first person point of view. This is viewed in the first person because the author uses pronouns such as "we" and "my" in the story. To have pronouns such as "we" and "my" is the definition of first person narrators. An example of this can be seen through the following phrase:
"My mother is not an inventive or convincing liar, and the excuses which occur to her are obviously second rate."
We know that the narrator is homodiegtic because the narrator is one who is internal to the narrative, which is on the same plane of exegesis as the story. In the first person narrative, it brings us psychologically much closer to the central character. However, it does lose much of space that can be placed by a writer between the narrator of the story and a character within that story.
There are many flashbacks that occur to give us a sense of knowledge and background information of the story.
Miss Marsalles wants to plan another party, parties that she used to hold all the time when she lived in a richer home. The environment of her new home is not in as good of a state as before. This can be shown through the disgust the mother had over the food. "" Through time, things have changed, and this time she placed the food out on the table is also significant. I believe it means that over time, things might go bad; things would "dry" up. When this happens, we either through it away or try to preserve it by placing it in a colder area. Miss Marsalles wants to pass down her technique of playing the piano so it would not be lost. We can foresee that something is about to happen...