FARMING: Previous knowledge passed on from ancestors helped the Maya to produce multiple crops, building terraces and draining marshlands to create more farmland. TRADE: Yes to trade. Could trade food due to plentiful supply. BUILDING: built pyramids like the Aztecs dis but also built houses and markets. RELIGION & SCIENCE: The Maya had many important priests, who, alongside regular citizens, helped worship the gods of whom were believed to control many forces of nature. Priests also created calendars, a number system, and hieroglyphs, among others. CONQUEST: The Maya, unlike the other empires, did not appear to have an army that captured people. LOCATION: The Maya empire was located in what was a thick jungle on the Yucatan Peninsula. DECLINE: As for the Maya, scientists believe people left due to climates changing or less fertile farmland.
FARMING: The Inca also terraced hillsides in order to grow much of the same crops the Maya did.
In addition, they constructed irrigation canals and herded llamas and alpaca for wool and meat. Unlike the other empires, though, the Incan government owned all food produced and kept some for emergency situations. TRADE: No to trade. The Inca, however, were the most different, having an actually organized and peaceful empire. BUILDING: The Inca also were skilled, having many citizens build a 10,000 mile road system to combine their empire. RELIGION & SCIENCE: The Inca, similarly to the Maya, developed their own language and religion of which everyone learned. CONQUEST: The Inca also conquered many surrounding people. However, they did so in a friendly matter; persuading the leaders of said conquered people to surrender. Rulers were generally allowed to stay, but everyone had to become familiar with and learn the Incan language and religion. LOCATION: the Incan empire could be found along the Andes Mountains.