Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901--1972) is one of the most celebrated biologist of the 20th century. Born in a small village, Atzgersdorf near Vienna on September 19, 1901, Ludwig studied philosophy and history of art at the University of Innsbruck and University of Vienna. (LUDWIG VON Bertalanffy) Studying under the guidance of famous philosophers like Robert Reininger and Moritz Schlick, Ludwig completed his doctorate in 1926 writing a thesis on the German physicist and philosopher Gustav Theodor Fechner. (Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901--1972)Since early age Ludwig was interested in acquiring knowledge about different subjects. He was fond of studying theoretical, practical and experimental aspects of philosophy, history, psychiatry, biology and other related disciplines. After getting his doctoral degree, he taught theoretical biology at the University of Edmonton. LudwigÃÂs main field of interest was biology in which he did most of his research. He reviewed the morphogenetic theories and attempted to resolve question relating to differentiation between physical and biological categories and of prospects of total reduction of biological realm to physical.
To find out answers to these queries, he developed a new idea of the organismic origin of biology. The organismic system theory presented in the early 1930s ÃÂÃÂ was to transcend the dichotomies of a mechanistic vs. a vitalistic explanation of life through consideration of the organism as an open system endowed with specific properties capable of scientific investigation. Together with the related concepts of levels of organization and of the active as opposed to the passive (or reactive) organism, it constituted an early statement of a holistic theory of life and natureÃÂ. (LUDWIG VON Bertalanffy) His views were rejected by other biological theorists who used chemical and physical laws on subcellular levels to elucidate the development and progression of life. LudwigÃÂs aim was to ÃÂunite metabolism, growth,