Major events in Jewish history to the first century AD

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Major events in Jewish history to the first century AD

1250 BC Fall of Jerusalem to the Romans.

931 BC Divided Kingdoms.

721 BC Fall of Samaria.

587 BC Fall of Jerusalem, Babylonian captivity.

333 BC Jews under Hellenistic rule.

63 BC Jews under Roman rule.

70 AD Fall of Jerusalem to the Romans.

Major events between 50 BC - 100 AD

63 BC - 40 BC Hyrcanus2 rules, but is subject to Rome.

41 BC - 30 BC Antony Caesar Roman Emperor.

40 BC - 37 BC Parathions conquer Jerusalem.

38 BC - 4 BC Herod rules as king. Subject to Rome.

37 BC Jerusalem besieged for 6 months.

32 BC Herod Defeated.

31 BC - 14 AD Caesar Augustus Roman Emperor.

19 BC Herod's Temple begun.

16 BC Herod visits Agrppa.

4 BC Herod dies; Archelaus succeeds.

37 AD - 41 AD Caliguta Roman Emperor.

41 AD - 54 AD Claudius Roman Emperor.

54 AD - 68 AD Nero Roman Emperor. The first persecutor of Christians.

66 AD Jews in Palestine tried to revolt. Were crushed by Titus.

69 AD - 79 AD Vespasia Roman Emperor. He continued the persecution.

70 AD Jewish temple destroyed. Small part of the wall left standing.

79 AD Titus Roman Emperor.

Detailed analysis of major Jewish groups of the time


The Pharisees were a group of Jews, that believed strongly against the adoption of Greek ways. They wanted to uphold and protect their fragile Jewish culture, from the Greek influence that was flooding into Israel at the time. They developed as haters of the tradition Greek ways, because of their customs were related to idolatry and immorality. They joined up with a group know as the Hasmoneans and proceeded to conduct a rebellion against the Greek. After gaining religious freedom, they...