Essay by PaperNerd ContributorUniversity, Bachelor's November 2001

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MALAWI This report is going to explain the rural issues faced in Malawi, a small country in Africa, also im going to be viewing the Population, Wealth, Economy etc.

Malawi is a small scenic country in south-eastern Africa. It is about 520 miles (837 kilometres) long and from 50 to 100 miles (80 to 160 kilometres) wide. Malawi lies on the western shore of Lake Nyasa, called Lake Malawi in that country.

Ancient volcanic activity left Malawi with rich soil. But only about one-third of the land is suitable for agriculture because mountains, forests, and rough pastures cover most of the country.

The country takes its name from the Malawi, or Maravi, kingdom, which was established by local people during the 1500's. Once the British protectorate of Nyasaland, Malawi became an independent country in 1964. Lilongwe is the capital of Malawi, and Blantyre is the commercial center and largest city.

People: Most of Malawi's people are black Africans. The country also has some Europeans, Asians, and people of mixed origin. Most Malawians live in small villages. Houses in most villages are round, have mud walls, and thatched roofs. The largest ethnic groups in Malawi are the Chewa (Cewa), Lomwe, Ngoni (Angoni), Nyanja, Sena, Tonga, Tumbuka, and Yao.

Most Malawians are farmers, and most of them raise only enough food for their families. Their main crop, corn, is pounded into flour to make a thick porridge called nsima. Many Malawians, primarily men, work on estates where tea or tobacco is grown. Traditionally, women have raised food crops and men raised crops for sale, but this situation is changing.

Some ethnic groups in Malawi determine family descent through the mother, and new households are established near their mother or relatives of the mother. However, other ethnic groups in Malawi trace...