Many management theories were developed when large groups of people worked together, however technology has changed the workplace. These organizational management theories still work today.
Organized activities directed by people responsible for planning, organizing, leading, and controlling events have existed for thousands of years. Starting with the Egyptian pyramids there is evidence that projects of remarkable scale were undertaken well before modern times. Someone had to plan what was to be done, organize people and materials to do it, and direct the workers. This example shows that management has been around for thousands of years.
It has long been a belief that people were the most important feature of the organization and should be managed accordingly. The organizational behavior research done in the early 1900's has made up the field of human resources management and modern-day views on motivation, leadership, trust, teamwork, and conflict management. This approach to management is the field of study that is concerned with the behavioral approach and has largely shaped today's current organizations.
Group standards were the key determinants of individual work behavior. We can see elements of the behavioral approach in today's workplace by the way managers design motivating jobs, to the way that they work with employee teams, and to the way that they open up communication channels. The behavioral approach influences decision making, organization structure design, and the types of control tools and techniques used.
There are a lot of demands in today's organizations that were not there years ago. These demands mean that managers must be able to constantly learn, adapt, and change. Managers are transforming themselves from bosses to team leaders. Instead of telling people what to do, they are finding that they are more successful when they listen, motivate, coach, and nurture. This is to a certain extent because...