Mapp v. Ohio (Exclusionary Rule)
March 29, 1961
* On May 23, 1957, three police officers arrived at the Mrs. Dollree Maps residence in the city of Cleveland Ohio, while conducting a preliminary investigation the police officers were following a tip that a person was hiding out in the home, and was wanted for questioning in connection with a recent bombing. Police were also tipped off by informants that there was a large amount of policy paraphernalia being hidden in the appellant's home. Map's top floor two-family apartment was occupied by her and her daughter from a previous marriage. When the police arrived on the top floor entrance way, the police commenced on making their presence known with knocking and yelling to gaining access inside. The appellant was home and decided to disregard the police orders, as a result, she called her lawyer whom which instructed her to not let the police in without a warrant.
The police were left with a stalemate, the police chief instructed the police officers at the seen to take surveillance of the house until future notice.
After a few hours passed, the police on the scene were instructed to try to gain access again by their police chief. Miss Map was not scene as someone that was complying with police and their orders to admit them in, therefore, the police gained access forcibly through one door at the appellant's location. Miss Map's attorney arrived a few hours later at the scene, but was met with resistance to talk to his client, and to gain access to the residence. Miss Map, acting on her lawyer's orders requested from the police a search warrant, as a result, one of the police officers at the seen handed her what seemed to be a warrant.