Martin Luther, one of the key figures in 16th century reformation of the church, has died, according to the people of Eisleben, where he was born. He was 62 years old.
Luther had traveled to Mansfeld twice in late 1545 to participate in the negotiations for a settlement, and a third visit was needed in early 1546 for their completion. The negotiations were successfully concluded on February 17.
Martin entered himself into the Augustinian monastery in Erfurt on July 17, 1505. Luther dedicated to enclose a monastic life, devoting himself to fasts, long hours in prayer, pilgrimage, and frequent confession.
From 1510 to 1520, Luther lectured on the Psalms, the books of Hebrews, Romans, and Galatians. As he studied these portions of the Bible, he learned to understand terms such as penance and righteousness in different ways. He began to teach that salvation is a gift of God's grace in Christ received by faith alone.
Luther was born to Hans and Margarethe Luther on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben. He was baptized the next morning on the feast day of St. Martin of Tours.
Hans Luther was determined to see his oldest son become a lawyer, so he sent Martin to schools in Mansfeld, and in 1497 he went to Magdeburg, where he attended a school operated by a group called the Brethren of the Common Life. In 1498, he attended school in Eisenach. At the age of seventeen in 1501 he entered the University of Erfurt. He received his Bachelor's degree after just one year in 1502. Three years later, in 1505, Martin received a Master's degree.
On October 31, 1517, Martin wrote to Albert, Archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg, protesting the sale of indulgences in his area and inviting him to a disputation on the matter.