It is said that the issues with regards to carriage of goods at sea often arises whenever there are disputes over cargo damage; whether or not to apply certain limitation as per Hague or Hague-Visby Rules, or the US Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1936, etc. But since delivery of goods by the Carrier is an indispensable part in the contract of carriage of goods by sea under the Bill of Lading, this paper will try to understand the meaning and effects of Conlinebill 2000 being used here as a scenario, on both the Carrier and the Merchant.
Table of contents
Table of contents ii
Meaning and effects of individual clauses within Conlinebill 2000 1
The overall meaning and effect of the Bill 7
Particular risks or difficulties that may be faced by a Merchant under the Bill 8
Maritime law in particular between different nations should be uniform in order to facilitate trade and relationship.
There are still disadvantages along with the advantages to uniformity in international law and convention. It is not just the pure adoption of international conventions and protocols, and the subsequent acceptance by different countries that will contribute to uniformity; it is the complexity of the business and different circumstances that one would need to clearly understand and resolve. This is where independent or group of shipping community gather together to form model law, standard contract forms and terms to substantially harmonize international shipping activities over the years. Here, the Conlinebill 2000 shall be look upon at all its 19 clauses to briefly understand the contents and implications.
Meaning and effects of individual clauses within Conlinebill 2000
Clause 1 - Definition
This clause gives the definition of "Merchant" to encompass all...