Mental Abilities

Essay by kya August 2006

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The purpose of this experiment was to determine if the theory indicating the presence of a singular general motor ability is valid. If there is a singular general motor ability, then you should always expect a high correlation between people's performance on any two motor tasks. The experiment investigates the relationship between different motor skills among subjects in the class. The motor skills include a netball shooting task, a soccer driblling task and a alternative hand wall toss.

Review of Literature:

The term ability refers to a general trait or capacity of the individual that is related to the performance of a variety of skills or tasks. A variety of motor abilities underlie the performance of a motor skill. Different people have different levels of these abilities. An important question that researchers debated for yours concerns how these abilities relate to one another in the same individual. The general motor ability hypothesis proposes that abilities are highly related, whereas the specificity hypothesis argues that abilities are relatively independent of one another.

Research evidence consistently has supported the specificity hypothesis.

The Method:

The general step for each task were:

1.. Record the best score of two trials, with the exception of the basketball task where only one trial is undertaken.

2. Each timed trial will last for 20 seconds with a short rest in between each trial.

The method for each task was:

Netball Shooting Task

1. The shot is to be made from the markers. There are 6 shots for the trial

2. The score is the number of successful baskets from the 6 shots on offer.

Soccer Dribbling Task (A timed task)

1. The ball should be dribbled through the markers continuously until the end of the trial.

2. All cones must be passed through, if one is...