The metaphysical view of reality that I support is from a monist position. Monism is
believing that everything in the universe is one kind or type. To be more specific, the view
within monism that I believe to be true is materialism. This is defined in our textbook The
Enduring Questions by Jerry H. Hill as a "belief that reality is composed exclusively of
matter and its patterns of organization." In other words, it is a view that everything that
actually exists is material, or physical. What it means to say something is material is that it
is extended in space. In an article titled "Philosophical Materialism," Richard C. Vitzthum
claims that "materialism has always inferred its theories from the best empirical evidence at
hand and has as a result always had its metascientific hypotheses scientifically confirmed
because the basic assumption of valid science has also always been that nature is governed
by coherent discoverable physical laws".
I honestly believe that everything is made up of a physical substance and that spiritual
substances don't exist. Paranormal or supernatural phenomena are either delusions or
reducible to physical forces. Some materialists, such as myself, are not necessarily atheists,
nor do they deny the reality of such things as love or justice, beauty or goodness. Thoughts
and wishes about something more than mere physical substances in the world can easily
influence an individual's life, but what we live by should be based on what theories can prove
the most facts, not which can carry the best hopes. And by that, I mean that there is
absolutely no way for dualists to prove that there are two kinds of "stuff" in the universe.
Granted, materialists have always had the difficult task of explaining how their materialism
can account for such psychological phenomena as thoughts,
The Nature of Scientific Progress as described in T.H. Kuhn's model of paradigms and revolutions, and Larry Laudan's model of research traditions
... the scientific theory and existing methodologies, world-views, and other scientific theories, they are not based on illogical social beliefs. Science therefore can still be viewed as rational even in the light of cultural ...
... the empirical world is a fundamental tenet of modern science. According to Overton testability or falsifiability is what makes a theory scientific. Overton believes that creation science fails to meet this criteria. Creationists belief states ...
Give an account of Descartes' arguments from dreams, being careful to show which beliefs are allegedly undermined along the way.
... subject of this essay. It seems, then, that the argument from dreams undermines only those beliefs, which are based on empirical evidence, those ...
... new belief that contradicts their beliefs about the world. Bibliography Abel, Reuben. Man Is the Measure. New York: The Free Press, 1976. Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago ...
... pattern of the dualistic view of the universe, common to Academic teachings. On the other hand he denied the opposition between soul and body which existed in Platonic teachings. Breaking down barriers, which Socrates had set up against the Ionic Philosophers ...
... in science. He said that the universal verification of a law is not possible by empirical methods, because no conjunction of singular statements can equate to a universal statement. This meant that induction could establish nothing of importance to the scientific ...
... value of organization and the usefulness of every scrap, and '[h]e ... many evidences of the Flood and the first appearance of all created things upon the earth. He could perform a valuable service by interpreting his Scientific discoveries in the light of the ...
... rational-scientific tradition by intellectual scientists, philosophers, writers, and artists gave way to insights into human nature of society ...