FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT
Methods in Sociological Inquiry
INSTRUCTOR: PROF.DR. ÃÂ°RFAN ERDOÃÂAN
SUBMISSION DATE: 26.11.2014
PREPARED BY: NURÃÂ° BERK BÃÂ°ÃÂER
STUDENT ID: 140103400
FALL SEMESTER 2014-2015
Although questions have been raised whether social sciences are in the
real sense scientific, the doubt is cleared by the fact that social sciences
employ the method and obtain the same result as other sciences. The social
sciences have their own laws, generalizations that are based on observation, control and prediction that have become established.
The Study Of Society As A Science
Important question that has been answered from various standpoints is whether Social science disciplines are sciences. Answers to this question our understanding of the natural world and our understanding of the social world. The aim of science is to produce general laws which are universal, i.e. which apply to all events or things of a certain kind, which are precisely stated for example; it says exactly what will happen and which have a wide scope of possibility.
The search for such laws should be carried on systematically. The Economics law of demand and supply has its limitations and
exemptions. Empirical correction between concrete social phenomenon. Formulating the conditions under which institutions or other social formations arise. Generalization asserting that changes in given institutions are regularly associated with changes in other institutions. Describing the main trends in the evolution of humanity as a whole for instance; Marxist theory of development from slavery though feudalism, capitalism, socialism and communism. Laws stating the implication of assumptions regarding human behaviours.
These generalizations can be classified according to their range, level. Empirical generalizations that are well established. Are formulations of universal laws relating to trends. sometimes occur only in economics.
Social sciences must in the end come...