The Mexican Mafia originated in the mid 1950's at the Deuel Vocational Institutue in Tracy, California.
The Mexican Mafia patterned their organization after the Italian Mafia.
The Mexican Mafia is also known as "La Eme" Their Main symbols are "La Eme", the mexican eagle with eme under it, the letters "MM", or the black hand print which is copied from the Italian Mafia.
La Eme was the 1st prison gang in California, unlike other Mafia's this one was created in prison.
La Eme was initially started to protect mexican-american inmates from other inmates and prison staff.
The original members and founders of La Eme were Louis "Huero" Flores, Rodolfo "Cheyenne" Cadena, and Joe "Pegleg" Morgan A.K.A "Papa Joe", he was actually caucasian.
La Eme is made up of mostly mexican-american males with a few exceptions. The first members were actually all East L.A gang members.
La Eme first started out to protect mexican-american inmates but then it got involved into drug trade By the 1960's, La Eme controlled most narcotic traffic in California Prisons La Eme's main activities are drug trafficking , extortion, and internal discipline.
La Eme's philosophy centers on ethnic solidarity and control of the drug trade.
The requirements to join La Eme were that you to be of mexican or of mexican decent and you had to complete at least "one hit". Over the years admission to the organization has become more difficult now you have to pass a probation period and be voted in unanimously by 3 existing members.
La Eme has 4 main rules: Don't be a informant (snitch), Don't be a homosexual or commit homosexual acts, Don't be a coward, and Don't disrespect or politic against another member.
Death is a automatic sentence if you break any of these rules.
La Eme is a "Blood in, Blood Out" organization. It operates under a code of silence inwhich every member denies knowing of La Eme or any affiliation to it.
La Eme's leadership was composed of mostly southern californian chicano gang members which looked down upon northern californian chicano gang members, they saw them as peasants and farm workers.
In the late 1960's, their was a rift in the La Eme between northern californian members and southern californian gang members, which ended up in the northerners leaving La Eme to create Nuestra Familia ( Our Family).
Ever since then La Eme and Nuestra Familia have been sworn enemies.
Nuestra Familia is known as the nortenos and they identify theirselves by using the number 14,XIV,X4,or by the color red. La Eme identifies theirselves by the surenos and the number 13,X3,XIII or the color blue.
La Eme's Main Rivals include Nuestra Familia, Black Guerilla Family, black street gangs, and the fresno bulldogs.
La Eme's Allies include the Aryan Brotherhood, La Cosa Nostra and latino street gangs.
La Eme consists of all southern california chicano street gangs banded as one to be stronger. All street beefs are dropped once in prison.
Race is the most important thing.
It is reported that La Eme consists of 30,000 members. Every prison has it's leader.
It is also rumored that La Eme provides protection for all La Cosa Nostra inmates in California.
La Eme is known as the most active and ruthless prison gang in California, they are known for killing their own if necessary. They out number every other prison gang by a ratio of 3 to 1. On the streets La Eme's enforcers are the 18st gang, they do all the dirty work for La Eme on the streets.