HSC 2002 CASE STUDY 1 Mapping Art History/Art Criticism MODERNISM Modernism is a period dating roughly from the 1860's to the 1970's (20th centuary art in Europe and America as well as others countries under western influence). The term modern is used to describe the style and ideaology of art produced during this time. Through the invention of many different styles, the modern period proved to be very innovative. It was throught these styles that artists seek to create the new, using for example abstraction. Modernisms most important contributions to art history were the invention of abtraction, the introduction of a wide range of new artistic techniques and materials, and the redefinition of art in itself.
Modernism includes many different styles such as cubism, fauvism, futurism, expressionism and surrealism. Within each of these movements the following characteristics are held, which classifies them as being modern. The world in the 20th century was a new and always changing time.
Different parts of the world were often in a state of turmoil of war and cold war. There were many technological advances, much political and economic change, space exploration, a population increase, medical and public health advances, social movements, and the atomic bomb. It was amongst all tis that the period of modernism emereged.
The messages conveyed in modern art are different from that of earlier forms of art, where religious or political institutions used to fund the artists so their works had to satisfy their patronage. Because they were no longer funded by these institutions, artists were now freer to create work that suggested a more personal meaning. There were still artists that delt with religious and political issues, they did it in a way that had meaning to them.
Another theory suggests that the nature of modern art is rebellious.