MODERNIZATION Vs TRIBALISM IN KENYA This research paper focuses on the issue of modernization and tribalism in Kenya under the field of political science. Political Science in turn falls under the general umbrella of Social Science. This paper generally attempts to cover the relationship between economic modernization and political development in Kenya.
Kenya is an African country located on the eastern part and crossed by the equator exactly in the middle. It attained its independence from Great Britain in the year 1963 and became a republic in 1964 under the rule of its first president, the late Mzee Jommo Kenyatta. The current president, Mr. Daniel Toroitich arap Moi took over the leadership immediately after the death of Jommo Kenyatta in 1978.
Ever since independence, Kenya has been dogged with politics that have been focused on tribalistic aspect rather than being focused on Economical, Educational & Social developmental aspects. However, the new era of politics that is emerging mainly encompasses young, talented and educated politicians who are attempting another way into power.
This way that they are following is the Ideological route that will lead to the escalation of modernization both economically and politically in the Country. Modernization is seen as the most powerful source of social change today.
Taking this aspect of modernization, Kenya has greatly advanced in terms of Technology. Despite the aspect of current leaders clinging into power and still fueling the ideology of tribalism, the country has had a great deal of rural development. For example, Kenya was the second in the world in production of Coffee, being leaded by Brazil. A number of factories were built in the rural areas, mainly where Coffee was being grown. This created a lot of employment opportunities and substantially reduced the rural-urban migration whereby, people were moving into the city...