Infectious Mononucleosis known popularly as "mono" is a infectious disease caused by the Epstien-Barr virus in a estimated 90 percent of cases ( EBV ) a member of the herpes family. The remaining cases are caused by a certain herpes virus, or cytomegalovirus. Mononucleosis is taken from the name of the blood's mononuclear cells, white blood cells ( B cells ) increase in the person blood stream when a person has this disease.
It is estimated that seventy to eighty percent involve persons between the ages of 15 to 30. This disease is common in both men and women, although it has been documented that this disease affects men slightly more than women. Mononucleosis does not occur during any particular season as does the common cold, although studies show that the most cases are reported during the fall and spring.
The actual way that mononucleosis is passed is unknown, although what is known is that the virus can travel in saliva which is the primary source, therefore it may be spread through coughing , mouth to mouth contact of mucous membranes during kissing.
This is where the common nickname was derived "the kissing disease". In rare cases this disease may be transmitted through blood transfusions. The disease is usually transmitted to family members, friends and people that you may go to school with, rather then people that live in the same community.
People often come in contact with the disease or EBV bacteria at least once in there life. Although symptoms are incredibly mild or they are not present at all. When the disease is present in a persons blood stream it is only contagious for the first two weeks . Although, the disease may be present for the rest of a person's life, it discontinues to produce the active...