Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in pregnancy or antenatal depression is twice as common and frequently cluster during the childbearing years (1). Studies reveal that approximately 10% of women suffer from clinically significant depression during pregnancy (antenatal depression) (1). Depression during pregnancy, or ante partum depression, is a mood disorder just like clinical depression kwon as biological illnesses that involve changes in brain chemistry. During pregnancy, hormone changes can affect brain chemicals, which are directly related to depression and anxiety. These can be exacerbated by difficult life situations, which can result in depression during pregnancy. Women with depression usually experience some of the following symptoms for 2 weeks or more (2), Persistent sadness, Difficulty concentrating, Sleeping too little or too much, Loss of interest in activities that you usually enjoy, Recurring thoughts of death, suicide, or hopelessness, Anxiety, Feelings of guilt or worthlessness, Change in eating habits. There are many triggering factor in pregnancy also may be as follow: Relationship problems, Family or personal history of depression, Infertility treatments, previous pregnancy loss, Stressful life events, Complications in pregnancy, History of abuse or trauma (2).
A study was conducted in Nepal, in September 2008, data analysis revealed that about half of the pregnant women having some form of depression. Life events (e.g. chronic illness in the family, marital disharmony, economic crisis to sustain the family) were found to be important risk factors (P<0.05). Antenatal depression is a more common than generally thought (3).
Depression can affect a Pregnancy by interference with a woman's ability to care for herself during pregnancy. She may be less able to
follow medical recommendations as well as sleep and eat properly, Depression can put her at risk for increased use of such substances as tobacco, , and illegal drugs that can harm herself and her...