MA-0701 104.1 Industry Overview 5 book reports Rene Firm Felix Heinrich S02276 17-08-2001 Table of Content Multimedia ÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂ A Critical Introduction [Richard Wise, 2000, ISBN 0-415-12150-7 (hbk), 1st publication by Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London] Summary Multimedia Origins The origins of Multimedia can be seen as a relationship between three institutions: the state including the military and intelligence agencies, the computer and media industry, and various cultural elements.
Each one of them has played a significant role in the development of multimedia as it is seen today.
After World War two the military became more and more aware of the importance of electronic warfare and research. This led to the invention of the transistor in 1948 replacing hot and fragile vacuum tubes. In the early seventies Intel produced its first microprocessor, enabling the military to place small and lightÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂweighted control devices in the head of their rockets.
Facing the possibility of a nuclear first strike, the governmental agencies were working on a decentralized network establishing ARPANET in 1969.
It is considered today the ancestor of the Internet proving once more the importance of military expenditure, caused by the Cold War and the Space Race, in laying the foundation of the multimedia industry. The ARPANET was based on packet switching and introduced as well the IP (Internet Protocol). Eventually academic and research sites, which had not originally formed part of ARPANET, also adopted the IP, as did almost every other LAN (Local Area Network) around the globe.
The history of multimedia involved another factor important to its further development, popularization, and commercial exploitation: the American ÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂcounter-cultureÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂ of the sixties and seventies.
The computer became the icon of their movement although most members were opposed to technology; it was thought to be a means of suppression by the government. Some of their leaders were Steve Jobs who went to India for enlightenment - later...