Essay by bremera14High School, 12th gradeA-, May 2014

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AP European History

Drew Bremer

Question: European women's lives changed in the course of the 19th Century politically, economically, and socially. Identify and explain the reasons for those changes.

Outline for answer

Industrial Revolution

Separates home from workplace Creates a middle class Urbanization Family structure changes - becomes more like the modern nuclear family

European Revolutions 1830 and on

Leads to Nationalism Poor working conditions lead to human rights movements Human rights movements leads to women's rights movements

Societal Changes

Classical Liberalism becomes dominant philosophy Feminist literature movement Feminism starts to take form in late 19th century

The 19th Century time frame included the Industrial Revolution, the European Revolution starting in 1830, and some significant changes to society regarding thoughts and ideas. This effected women lives in each and every class level.

The Industrial Revolution effected many women single and married in finding waged work outside of the home.

Women found jobs in domestic service, textile factories, and workshops. For some it allowed money, mobility, and a better standard of living. For the majority is resulted in hardships. The hardships were because working conditions were unsafe and the work was dangerous. Education was less because of the demands of work. Home life suffered because woman had the outside work and the house chores and children to take care of. But because there was a need for wages in the growing cash economy, families became dependent on the income generated from the woman and children working. Girls still received less education than boys during this time.

The middle class was created and expanded in the 19th century as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution. Before class was based on nobility and the Church, the middle class ranges from small shop owners to large company owners and women infiltrated every...