Nationalism in the Nineteenth Century: An in class DBQ about what Nationalism did for countries in the 19th century.

Essay by keroduoJunior High, 9th gradeA, September 2007

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Nationalism spread throughout Europe like fire in the Yellow Stone Park. And like fire, the effects that Nationalism had caused were both eminent yet horrendous. Nationalism united people into nation-states, toppled empires composed of many ethnic minorities, and contributed to the outbreak of wars in the nineteenth century. For example, Germany was united by Otto von Bismarck, France by the French Revolution, and Italy by Garibaldi and Cavour, all because of the nationalistic effect. They united as a country because of their pride and brotherhood. However, empires with minorities such as Austria Hungary, Italy, and the Slavic were separated in the process. They felt that other ethnicities would hold them back, and if broken away from them, would aid them in the success of their country. Nationalism contributed to the many wars fought during that period, such as the countless wars fought by Germany, France, and the Slavs. They were fought in order to separate themselves from other nations, or keep other ethnicities out of their newly united nation.

Nationalism, although unknown at the time, created a domino effect in Europe.

As nationalism and its ideas began the journey across Europe, it started to unite people into nation states. One of the prime examples of this unity is Germany. Before Germany was united as a whole in 1871, the nation was separated into Germanic states and Prussia. Determined to unite them into Germany because of their ethnicity, Wilhelm hired Otto Von Bismarck, who was just the guy to bring everyone together. Bismarck had used carefully thought out tactics to unite the Germanic states. They needed Prussia in order to become a powerful Germany. “Prussia….could no longer carry alone the power Germany required for its security” [Bismarck, Document 5]. Finally getting Prussia after the Franco-Prussian War, Germany was then united as...