The Mogollon culture evolved from the Desert culture of the Great Basin and Southwest. People of the Desert culture hunted, fished, and gathered wild foods. In the processing of food, the Mogollon used crushing and grinding operations. Corn, wild seeds, and nuts were probably present at an early date. The geographic location of this culture was the area near the Arizona-New Mexico border. This area had deep valleys and high mountains. There is evidence that the Mogollons farmed in the deep valleys that received the most rain but about A.D. 500 to A.D. 700 they started relying on wild food more than food that had been farmed. It is not known why their farming stopped, whether it was from a change in climate or due to the Mogollons being forced out of their farmlands
The Mogollon culture can be divided into two large time periods. The early period was between 500 B.C.-A.D.
1000 and the late period between A.D. 1000-1400. During the early period, the villages were built on high mesas, bluffs, or ridges. The buildings in the villages were roundish pit houses. Villages ranged in size from four or five houses to 50. The pit houses were holes that were dug in the ground about 10 to 16 feet wide and about two to five feet deep. The materials used for the roofs were poles, brush, and mud. Houses were grouped together without any real plan. The ceremonial structures were usually twice as large as the largest houses.
After A.D. 700, the pit houses started to be built in more of a rectangular style. The villages during this period started to consist of houses that were built on the surface of the ground. Some of these houses were very large, like the Grasshopper Ruin that contained about...