AS History Revision - Life in Nazi Germany 1933-45 Revision sheets
The Nazi Consolidation of Power, 1933-1934
The coming to power of Hitler and the Nazis in January 1933
Political Parties in the Reichstag June1920 May 1924
Communist Party (KPD) 4 62 45 54 77 89 100 81 Social Democratic Party (SDP) 102 100 131 153 143 133 121 120 Catholic Centre Party (BVP) 65 81 88 78 87 97 90 93 Nationalist Party (DNVP) 71 95 103 73 41 37 52 52 Nazi Party (NSDAP) - - - 12 107 230 196 288 Other Parties 98 92 73 121 122 22 35 23
Long term Factors â¢ Propaganda â¢ Attacks on opponents â¢ Hitler's Personal Qualities â¢ Long term Bitterness â¢ Weimar Constitution â¢ Money
Long term Bitterness - The 'stab in the back' and the Treaty of Versailles; the treaty of Versailles stated Germany were to blame for WW1, they had to pay reparations (the government paid them by printing more money, causing inflation) and they lost some of their territory.
Ineffective constitution, Many Germans wanted to a return to Dictatorship! - The Weimar Government had plenty of problems; -Article 48 of the constitution gave the President sole power in 'times of emergency' - something he took often. -The system of proportional voting led to 28 parties. This made it virtually impossible to establish a majority in the Reichstag, and led to frequent changes in the government. -The German states had too much power and often ignored the government. -The Army was not fully under the government's control. Many government officials - especially judges - were right-wing and wanted to destroy the government.
Money - The Nazi party became very wealthy due to investments...