World History Final Exam Study Sheet
Emergence of Civilization
Archeologists-scientists who dig into ancient settlements to find objects made by early hominids
Anthropologists-scientists who study the remains of skeletons
Hominids-early humanlike creatures as well as all humans
Culture and Cultural diffusion- set of beliefs, knowledge, and patterns of living people; spreading culture to other cultures vise versa
Paleolithic-oldest period of Stone Age
Mesolithic-middle Stone Age
Neolithic-New Stone Age
Hunter Gatherers- Men went out to hunt; women remained near campsite to tend to children
Bronze Age-bronze was discovered->tin and copper ore
Iron Age-Iron was discovered->Iron ore
Characteristics of Civilizations- Complex->Simple->Farming->Hunter-Gatherer.
Job specialization- When civilization settled down-artisans of some sort.
Primary sources- When a person experiences a certain event firsthand.
Secondary sources- When a person hears of an event from another source.
Nile River- longest river in the world, stretch for 4,160 miles.
Menes/Narmer- king of Upper Egypt, united all of Egypt into one Empire.
Hatshepsut- female pharaoh, 1503 to 1482, secured borders and brought trade to other lands.
Tutankhamen-Tutankhamen was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom.
Maat- Maat is the goddess of truth, justice, and cosmic order, also the daughter of the sun god Ra.
Hyskos-Hyskos were "foreigners" from Egypt to Asia, introduced new war weapons-chariot and bow.
Book of dead-The book of the dead is a collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus books, many with elaborate illustrations, each containing prayers, hymns, incantations, and formulas for the behavior of the souls of the dead.
Cuneiform-Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge shaped tool into clay.
Rosetta Stone- Black basalt stone with hieroglyphs, demotic characters, and Greek, descript Hieroglyphs.
Code of Hammurabi-The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia,