NHS is one of the largest organisations in Europe and came into existence about fifty years ago. It is one of the kind, state run and not for profit establishment which promotes direct primary and secondary care..
NHS is a major resource consumer and also the nation's most extensive employer. It could be called a primary service on the basis that it is not only professional but also labour intensive and high grade service carried out by specialists such as Doctors or Nurse. Paramount significance is given to patients and patients are therefore the highest priority.
The National Health Service or NHS as it is more commonly known was set up on the 5th July 1948 to provide healthcare for all citizens, based on need, not the ability to pay.
The NHS is mainly funded by the tax payer and run by department of health which sets specifications and guidelines on health issues..
It was launched as a single organization based around 14 regional hospital boards. This new NHS was originally split into three parts:
family doctors, dentists, opticians and pharmacists
local authority health services, including community nursing and health visiting
In 1948, NHS went through a drastic change in respect to the organizational structure and in regard to the services provided to the patients. This was a monumental task to make health services available to all citizens which mainly fell into the system of public finance and public provision.
Two key factors that governed NHS was that there should be equal basis to treatment for all based on clinical needs regardless of patients monetary circumstances. Secondly, collective funding of NHS through national taxation is the most effectual way to ensure that quality health care is available to all on the grounds that paying for all health...