Modern History Notes
Otto Von Bismarck
ÃÂ· Bismarck Unified Germany
ÃÂ· Bismarck was a nationalist
ÃÂ· Germany of WW1 is Bismarckian
ÃÂ· Bismackian Germany excluded Austria-Hungary after 7 week war
ÃÂ· Bismarck formed an alliance with Austria-Hungary
ÃÂ· Bismarck excluded it because it carried too much non-German nationalist baggage 'is that' the Hungarian empire consisted of about one dozen different nationalities and cultures
ÃÂ· Bismarckian Germany was exclusive (monoculture) because he was a Junker (aristocrat) and did not trust the masses of ordinary people
ÃÂ· Bismarck by 1880's feared France and the spread of socialism in Germany (Paris Commune)
ÃÂ· Germany could only be unified by "blood and iron"
ÃÂ· Bismarck's blood and iron approach meant that Germany was always prepared for war, and was twitchy about her boarders. (Especially in France)
ÃÂ· Bismarck believed that military solutions could justify the ends, that is, warfare leads to national unity; fear of the outsiders created a political fear, that the nation-state as threatened.
Had a well trained army, the government sent a lot of money on the army which meant its equipment was modern and well maintained. The government under Bismarck created a culture of militarism and discipline in Germany.
Bismarck's blood and iron approach meant that Germany was always prepared for war, and was twitchy about her boarders. (Especially in France)
France was provoked into a war with Germany over their rivalry for the disputed lands around the Rhine river area, that is, Alsace-Lorraine and southern German states that bordered on France.
Bismarck feared that France might gain a foothold in Southern Germany, that is, Bavaria. This was plausible to him because France and Southern German states were catholic, that is, they owed allegiance to the pope (central Italy). The pope at this time was a powerful...