Nuclear Non Proliferation
Background of Topic
Daily the human race can be seriously threatened by thousands of nuclear weapons on hair-trigger alert. Nuclear weapons are the most dangerous, catastrophic and lethal weapons ever created by the human race. It all started back in World War II when the United states bombed the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Since then, all the permanent members of the Security Council - France, Russia, United States, United Kingdom and China - have and are in possession of nuclear weapons. Many other countries around the world are being suspects of the creation and development of new nuclear weapons. The world is concerned that in most of this country there is no real status of this weapons. For example, Iran, Syria, and North Korea, which in recent times have conducted nuclear weapon testing. Other countries officially admitted to also develop nuclear weapons like India and Pakistan.
Primitively, these were elaborated for offensive purposes, but promptly found that they could also be used for defensive purposes. The countries agreed that they would not bomb another country that possesses nuclear weapons. They are concerned that MAD, mutually assured destruction, is possible and they would actually destroy each other countries. Thus, countries started to acquire the weapons in order to protect themselves from attacks form powerful countries. The world is worried and concerned about the spread of nuclear weapons and wants to stop the propagation of the weapons to other countries. This is called non-proliferation. This is the reason why the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) were formed. Lately, during the 21st century, new problems have aroused. Firstly, nuclear technology can be now used for peaceful purposes like nuclear energy which can be used to prevent the extinction of...