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Essay by bbybearrCollege, UndergraduateB, April 2013

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Effectiveness of Art-based Therapeutic Interventions on Children with Autism



Children with autism

Autistic characteristics

Growing prevalence of art based therapeutic interventions

Play Therapy:

Alternative seating in classrooms

Therapeutic balls

Less bored and better focused

Children picked based off teacher recommendation

Results and errors


Form of play therapy with child and psychologist

Teaches child to communicate with therapist via games

Results and errors

LEGO therapy

Children played with LEGOs in group settings

Improved social interaction, less maladaptive behavior

Imaginative Play

Integrated play groups

Results and errors

Music Therapy

Improvisational music therapy approach

Develops attention

Motivates the child while improving communication and social interaction skills

Receptive music therapy approach

Forms tolerance, flexibility and promotes interpersonal responses

Music interaction therapy

Motivates child with autism to develop social skills

Art Therapy

Painting, drawing, sharing

Why it works

Appropriate because they are visual thinkers

They can remember what they learned through pictures and symbols

Results and errors


Positive effects of attentive children in classrooms

Future research needed



Not long ago, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) was considered rare.

Today, ASD is considered one of the most common developmental disorders in children. The Center for Disease Control (2009) reports that, on average, 1 in every 150 children in the United States is diagnosed with a form of autism which is more than the rates of childhood cancer. Most research shows that ASD arises more in young boys than in young girls, but more studies need to be conducted to accurately determine this.

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder that usually appears in children under the age of three. Since there are a wide range of varieties, there are many characteristics. Epp (2008) states, "some of the qualities include a tendency to withdraw from social contact and an increased sensitivity to...