Essay by duongmaiUniversity, Master's February 2012

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The Advantages and Disadvantages

Of China's One - Child Policy

Student name: Duong Thi Thanh Mai

Student number: 220113802

Class: Chinese Culture

School: College of International Student, Southeast University of China

Email address:

Abstract According to the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China, in 2010, China's population was more than 1.34 billion people, an increase of 5.84% in comparison with the year of 2000. However, the figure was lower than its estimation (the officials was given a number of 1.4 billion in 2010 China's population). It could be said that China's population growth has been slowed slightly, despite China is still the world's populous nation for so many years. Many opinions tend to think that it is the great result of China's one -child policy which was introduced in 1979. To find the answer, we need to know main points of the policy which will be introduced in my paper.

I also present the advantages and disadvantages of the policy and that would be the most important part in my study.


Introduction about China's one - child policy

If the year of 1950, China was a mere 563 million people, this figure dramatically increase to one billion people in the early 1980s. This led China became a home of a quarter of the world's people with just 7% of the world's arable land. That's why Chinese authorities started concerning about the social and economic consequences of continued rapid population growth. Therefore, they had to find solutions to control China's population growth. As the result, one policy named China's one-child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. At the time, the policy was considered as a "temporary measure", but it has been continued till now since its establishment.

According to the policy, a couple can have...