Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts

Essay by candyxss07University, Bachelor'sA+, April 2008

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There are several factors that have a large impact on the business environment of every company and organization. Without these factors set into place employees may find themselves struggling to gain success for the business. Employers should have a good idea of each concept in order to put them into action and gain effectiveness from them. These six concepts are a key element to success within a business because they help to keep employees and employers educated and informed.

The first business concept is organizational behavior.

"Organizational Behavior (OB) is the study and application of knowledge about how people, individuals, and groups act in organizations. It does this by taking a system approach. That is, it interprets people-organization relationships in terms of the whole person, whole group, whole organization, and whole social system. Its purpose is to build better relationships by achieving human objectives, organizational objectives, and social objectives," (Clark, 1998, para.


Organizational behavior has a large impact on how a company is operated by its employees. There are four different models in which organizational behavior can be derived from. The first is autocratic. The autocratic model is based off of managerial power. This means that the employees are completely dependent on their boss, (Clark, 1998). The second model is custodial. "The basis of this model is economic resources with a managerial orientation of money. The employees in turn are oriented towards security and benefits and dependence on the organization," (Clark, 1998, para. 4). The third model is supportive. The supportive model is based off of leadership with the support of management; by using the supportive model employees are more focused on their job responsibilities', (Clark, 1998). The fourth model is collegial. "The basis of this model is partnership with a managerial orientation of teamwork. The employees in...