Hajj is a holy pilgrimage which all Muslims must try and take at least once in their lives. It is meant to be a journey to get closer to Allah and to help you understand your religion in a more spiritual way.
The Hajj is described as "an inward journey to the Ka'bah of the heart and soul" in one passage of a book, Hajj is also described in a Muslim dictionary as "the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah; at least once in a lifetime a Muslim is expected to make a religious journey to Mecca and the Ka'bah; "for a Muslim the hajj is the ultimate act of worship". During the journey of Hajj it is necessary for the pilgrim to complete a set number of tasks in order to complete the pilgrimage successfully.
The pilgrimage starts at Makkah because Makkah is where Muhammad (pbuh) was born.
Muhammad (pbuh) is particularly important to the Islamic faith because he is the last Prophet of Islam to spread Allah's word. Non-Muslims generally consider him the "founder" of Islam and the Islamic Empire. According to traditional Muslim biographers, he was born 570 CE in Makkah and died June 8, 632 CE in Medina; both Makkah and Medina are cities in the Arabian Peninsula. Muhammad (pbuh) is said to have been a merchant who traveled widely. Early Muslim sources report that in 611, at about the age of 40, while meditating in a cave near Makkah, he experienced a vision. Later, he described the experience to those close to him as a visit from the Angel Jibril , who commanded him to memorize and recite the verses later collected as the Qur'an. He eventually expanded his mission, publicly preaching a strict monotheism and...