There is some overlap between physical activity and other health behaviours. For example, interventions that target physical activity and healthy eating have been found to be successful in weight control programs, not just in achieving weight change or maintenance, but also increased program adherence.
To date, the evidence appropriately defines a strong association between diet and numerous chronic diseases found in modern, technologically advanced countries. The major causes of morbidity, mortality and disability in Australia that are thought to have a nutrition component include coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, some forms of cancer, non-insulin dependent diabetes, osteoporosis and gall bladder disease.
Physical inactivity is a health and nutrition risk that exercise can have positive and beneficial effects on managing. For example, regular exercise can help control blood lipid abnormalities, diabetes and obesity. Exercise is also associated with increased mineral content of bones, and a decline in physical activity may increase the prevalence of osteoporosis.
Physical activity and diet have also been linked to clustering of unhealthy behaviours, which is due to how we live our lives today.
Associations between physical inactivity, dietary fat intake and a clustering with other unhealthy behaviours (i.e. alcohol consumption), create higher risk factors for lifestyle diseases. Reviews have found high quality dietary habits to be positively associated with physical activity, and dietary fat intake has been found to be directly associated with physical activity.
There is less evidence of the such clustering found in younger people, in middle and older age adults. This is mainly due to the lack of evidence to explain potential reasons for the clustering of unhealthy behaviours. It is not known whether this clustering, when it does occur, is a reflection of personality type or environmental influences (i.e. family and social).
Despite this, the linking of healthy eating with...