Percy Bysshe Shelley was a rebel from the British upper class. He was married to Harriet Westbrook, and friend with Byron. Although he died very young at the age of thirty, he left behind him valuable writings. Ozymandias is without doubt a poem of such kind. The poem is an Italian sonnet, and describes the remains of a ancient "glorious" ruin seen by a common "traveler from an antique land"(1). The subject of Shelley's poem is more subtle than it seems. Found in the multitude of Romantic themes and made with a great combination of literary devices, the subject is is the eternal human desire to leave something behind, to overcome the mortality, and to leave an evidence of existence.
Using different literary devices, Shelley sharply contours the theme of overcoming human mortality. Imagery creates a special effect on the poem. The image of the old statue is describedas " Two vast and trunkless legs of stone [that ] / Stand in the desert."(2-3)
Meanwhile "Near them, on sand, /Half sunk a shattered visage lies" (3-4). The statue's " wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command, / tell that its sculptor well those passions read "(6). The opposition in the poem creates the dramatic effect of irony. The difference between the image that actually exists in the dessert and Ozymandias's intends after his death, is the basic ironical idea here. The fact that nobody is there to fear the power of the unexistent kingdom, and the king's harsh words, also underlines the entire paradox formed. The ancient king's common desire, presented in the theme, and his try to put it in an uncommon way is also a good example.