Information Technology or IT as others know it, points to the hardware and software that a business or person uses to store, maneuver, and retrieve information. In today's competitive world, most businesses invest money to improve his or her computer hardware and software so that the business is not at a disadvantage in today's competitive market. "Having a business invest in computer hardware and software can improve the businesses worker productivity, increase the businesses revenue, reduce costs, plus provide better customer service "(Stair, Reynolds, Ch. 2, p42). In order for a business to improve its information technology, the business needs to start with an Information System (IS). "An information system is a set of interrelated elements that collect (input), manipulate (process), and store, and disseminate (output), data and information" (Stair, Reynolds, Ch.1, p36).
This paper will attempt to explain the best methods for data input, data output, storage and speed of a computer in relation to an information system.
Data OutputThe accuracy of data input is important to any business. Unfortunately, not all data can be put into a computer using the same method. The best methods for data input for;Ã¢ÂÂ¢Printed questionnaires- a scanning device called an Optical Data Reader. This device uses optical mark recognition paper where pencils are used to fill in the survey boxes. If the questionnaire is in ink and not on OMR paper, then the best method for inputting data would be the keyboard because one can insert text and characters (Stair, Reynolds, Ch. 2).
Ã¢ÂÂ¢ Telephone surveys- a voice recognition device. This is the best method because it will take the sound of a person's voice and convert it into a digital signal (Stair, Reynolds, Ch2.).
Ã¢ÂÂ¢Bank checks- Image Replacement Document or IRD. Using IRD is more efficient because it prints out a digital...