Parole is a highly debated topic in the United States. Parole, is defined by the supervised conditional release of a prisoner before the expiration of his or her sentence. Parole is usually granted to a prisoner in recognition of past good conduct, prior to imprisonment and/or while serving time. A sentenced criminal may be released on parole before the maximum limit of the prison term has been reached. The release is conditional on the performance of the parolee's pledge. During the parole period the parolee is required to report to prison authorities or to a parole agent or parole officer to whose custody he or she was assigned when released. If a parolee is in violation of parole he or she is likely to be apprehended and returned to prison to serve out the maximum prison sentence.
Parole began in the late nineteenth century. The idea of parole first came about at the National Congress of Penitentiary and Reformatory Discipline in 1870.
The idea caught on quickly because it relieved political pressure on governors for granting clemency and pardons. It also gave prisoners, who were thought to be reformed, a chance to prove that they were ready to be released back into society. By the end of the nineteenth century over half of the states in American were using some sort of parole system. By 1948 all of the states had parole for prisoners in its institutions.
In the thirteen year period between 1980 and 1993 the prison population of State Correctional facilities rose by one - hundred and eighty eight percent. In other words the prison population went from over 300,000 to over 900,000. This was an increase of nine - hundred new inmates a week. This increase in prisoners made parole even more important and necessary. There...